References

1. Herbal Remedies for Anxiety: -
  1. National Institute of Mental Health - Anxiety disorders:
    http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/anxiety-disorders/complete-index.shtml

  2. National Institute of Mental Health - Any Anxiety Disorder Among Adults (Statistics):
    http://www.nimh.nih.gov/statistics/1ANYANX_ADULT.shtml

  3. National Institute of Mental Health - What are the most common mental disorders in the United States?
    http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/statistics/ncsr-study/questions-and-answers-about-the-national-comorbidity-survey-replication-ncsr-study.shtml#q7

  4. PubMed - Herbal remedies for anxiety; a systematic review of controlled clinical trials:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16428031

  5. National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institute of Health - Nutritional and herbal supplements for anxiety and anxiety-related disorders; a systematic review:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2959081/

  6. PubMed - Herbs and nutrients in the treatment of depression, anxiety, insomnia, migraine, and obesity:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15990509

  7. PubMed - A bidirectional relationship between anxiety and depression, and insomnia? A prospective study in the general population:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18374745

  8. PubMed - The effects of benzodiazepines on cognition:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15762814

  9. PubMed - Serotonin syndrome:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004531/

  10. Benzodiazepines:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benzodiazepine

  11. Buspirone:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buspirone

  12. Propranolol:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propranolol

  13. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_serotonin_reuptake_inhibitor

  14. Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serotonin-norepinephrine_reuptake_inhibitors

  15. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monoamine_oxidase_inhibitors

  16. Tricyclic Antidepressants:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tricyclic_antidepressants

  17. Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Syndrome:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benzodiazepine_withdrawal_syndrome

  18. SSRI Discontinuation Syndrome:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SSRI_discontinuation_syndrome

  19. Post-SSRI sexual dysfunction:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-SSRI_sexual_dysfunction

  20. Neuropsychopharmacology:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuropsychopharmacology

  21. British Medical Journal Review - Worldwide lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders is 16.6%, with considerable heterogeneity between studies:
    http://ebmh.bmj.com/content/9/4/115.extract

  22. Shippensburg University - Neurotransmitters:
    http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/genpsyneurotransmitters.html

  23. American Psychological Assocation - Stressed in America:
    http://www.apa.org/monitor/2011/01/stressed-america.aspx

  24. University of Maryland Medical Center - Herbs and supplements for anxiety:
    http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/anxiety-002379.htm
2. Anxiety Symptoms: -
  1. National Institute of Mental Health - Anxiety disorders:
    http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/anxiety-disorders/complete-index.shtml

  2. Fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), published by the American Psychiatric Association.
    (American Psychiatric Association: http://www.psychiatry.org/)

  3. DSM-IV-TR by Psychiatry Online:
    http://psychiatryonline.org/index.aspx

  4. American Psychiatric Association - DSM:
    http://www.psychiatry.org/practice/dsm

  5. Anxiety:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety

  6. Anxiety Disorder:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety_disorder

  7. Generalized Anxiety Disorder:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalized_anxiety_disorder

  8. Panic Disorder:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panic_disorder

  9. Phobia:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phobia

  10. Social Anxiety Disorder:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_anxiety_disorder

  11. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obsessive%E2%80%93compulsive_disorder

  12. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-traumatic_stress_disorder

  13. Derealization:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derealization

  14. Depersonalization:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depersonalization

3. Supplements for Anxiety: -
  1. PubMed - Electrical mapping study of the effects of L-theanine:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17272967

  2. PubMed - L-theanine reduces psychological and physiological stress responses:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16930802

  3. PubMed - Effect of L-theanine on brain monoamines:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9566605

  4. PubMed - The neuropharmacology of L-theanine, a possible neuroprotective and cognitive enhancing agent:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17182482

  5. PubMed - Therapeutic potential of kava in the treatment of anxiety disorders:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12383029

  6. PubMed - Efficacy of kava extract for treating anxiety; systematic review and meta-analysis:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10653213

  7. PubMed - Kava extract for treating anxiety:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12535473

  8. PubMed - Kava treatment in patients with anxiety:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15162364

  9. PubMed - Kava-kava extract WS 1490 versus placebo in anxiety disorders--a randomized placebo-controlled 25-week outpatient trial:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9065962

  10. PubMed - The Kava Anxiety Depression Spectrum Study (KADSS); a randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial using an aqueous extract of Piper methysticum:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19430766

  11. PubMed - Herbal hepatotoxicity by kava: update on pipermethystine, flavokavain B, and mould hepatotoxins as primarily assumed culprits:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21377431

  12. PubMed - Safety of ethanolic kava extract; Results of a study of chronic toxicity in rats:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16904878

  13. PubMed - Stress-induced insomnia treated with kava and valerian: singly and in combination:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12404572

  14. University of Maryland Medical Center | Medical Reference | Complementary Medicine | Kava kava:
    http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/kava-kava-000259.htm

  15. PubMed - Passionflower in the treatment of generalized anxiety; a pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial with oxazepam:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11679026

  16. Evaluation of the anxiolytic effects of chrysin, a Passiflora incarnata extract:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17966676

  17. PubMed - Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata L.), a reliable herbal sedative:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12244887

  18. PubMed - Attenuation of laboratory-induced stress in humans after acute administration of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm):
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15272110

  19. PubMed - A multi-center, double-blind, randomised study of the Lavender oil preparation Silexan in comparison to Lorazepam for generalized anxiety disorder:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19962288

  20. PubMed - Effects of lavender aromatherapy on insomnia and depression in women college students:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16520572

  21. University of Maryland Medical Center | Medical Reference | Complementary Medicine | Magnesium:
    http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/magnesium-000313.htm

  22. PubMed Central (PMC) - Magnesium deficiency induces anxiety and HPA axis dysregulation - modulation by therapeutic drug treatment:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3198864/

  23. PubMed - Association between magnesium intake and depression and anxiety in community-dwelling adults - the Hordaland Health Study:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19085527

  24. PubMed - Antidepressant and anxiolytic-like activity of magnesium in mice:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15159129

  25. PubMed - Magnesium deficient diet alters depression and anxiety related behavior in mice:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15567428

  26. PubMed - Rapid recovery from major depression using magnesium treatment:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16542786

  27. PubMed - Magnesium for treatment-resistant depression - a review and hypothesis:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19944540

  28. PubMed - The multifaceted and widespread pathology of magnesium deficiency:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11425281

  29. USDA - Lack Energy? Maybe It's Your Magnesium Level:
    http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/ar/archive/may04/energy0504.htm

  30. PubMed - Controlled trials of inositol in psychiatry:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9169302

  31. PubMed - Inositol treatment in psychiatry:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7675981

  32. PubMed - Double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of inositol treatment for panic disorder:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7793450

  33. PubMed - Double-blind, controlled, crossover trial of inositol versus fluvoxamine for the treatment of panic disorder:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11386498

  34. PubMed - Double-blind, controlled trial of inositol treatment of depression:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7726322

  35. PubMed - Inositol treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8780431

  36. PubMed - Effect of inositol on bulimia nervosa and binge eating:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11262515

  37. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Myo-inositol content of common foods:
    http://www.ajcn.org/content/33/9/1954.long

  38. PubMed - Inositol safety; clinical evidences:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21845803

  39. PubMed - Nutritional and herbal supplements for anxiety and anxiety-related disorders -- a systematic review:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2959081/

  40. University of Maryland Medical Center - Herbs and Supplements for Anxiety:
    http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/anxiety-002379.htm

  41. Fox News - Natural Remedies for Anxiety and Stress:
    http://www.foxnews.com/health/2012/06/19/natural-remedies-for-anxiety-and-stress/

4. Passionflower for Anxiety and Sleep Difficulties: -
  1. PubMed - Passionflower in the treatment of generalized anxiety; a pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial with oxazepam:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11679026

  2. PubMed - Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata L.), a reliable herbal sedative:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12244887

  3. PubMed - Evaluation of the anxiolytic effects of chrysin, a Passiflora incarnata extract:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17966676

  4. New Mexico State University - Passionflower:
    http://medplant.nmsu.edu/Diseases/insomnia/insom_Herbs%20Link.htm#Passionflower
5. Lemon Balm for Anxiety and Sleep Disorders: -
  1. PubMed - Attenuation of laboratory-induced stress in humans after acute administration of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm):
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15272110

  2. PubMed - Anxiolytic effects of a combination of Melissa officinalis and Valeriana officinalis during laboratory induced stress:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16444660

  3. PubMed - Bioassay-guided fractionation of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) using an in vitro measure of GABA transaminase activity:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19165747

  4. New Mexico State University - Lemon Balm:
    http://medplant.nmsu.edu/Diseases/insomnia/insom_Herbs%20Link.htm#Lemon Balm
6. Lavender for Sleep and Anxiety Disorders: -
  1. PubMed - A multi-center, double-blind, randomised study of the Lavender oil preparation Silexan in comparison to Lorazepam for generalized anxiety disorder:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19962288

  2. PubMed - Efficacy and safety of silexan, a new, orally administered lavender oil preparation, in subthreshold anxiety disorder; evidence from clinical trials:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21170695

  3. PubMed - Effects of orally administered lavender essential oil on responses to anxiety-provoking film clips:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19382124

  4. PubMed - The effects of lavender scent on dental patient anxiety levels; a cluster randomised-controlled trial:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19968674

  5. PubMed - Effects of lavender aromatherapy on insomnia and depression in women college students:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16520572
7. St. John's Wort for Depression and Anxiety: -
  1. PubMed - St. John's wort for major depression:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18843608

  2. PubMed - Hyperforin as a possible antidepressant component of hypericum extracts:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9718074

  3. PubMed - Hyperforin, a key constituent of St. John's wort specifically activates TRPC6 channels:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17666455

  4. Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) - St. John's wort for major depression:
    http://www.samhsa.gov/LitReviews/CD000448.html

  5. MedlinePlus - St. John's wort:
    http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/329.html

  6. MedlinePlus - Serotonin syndrome:
    http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007272.htm

  7. Wikipedia - GABA reuptake inhibitor:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GABA_reuptake_inhibitor

  8. University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) - Possible Interactions with St. John's Wort:
    http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/st-johns-000931.htm

  9. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) - A Review of St. John's Wort Extracts for Major Depression:
    http://nccam.nih.gov/research/results/spotlight/120908.htm

  10. BestHealth (British Medical Journal) - Can herbal remedies ease anxiety?
    http://besthealth.bmj.com/x/news/542814/news-item.html
8. Valerian for Anxiety and Sleep Disorders: -
  1. American Academy of Family Physicians - Valerian:
    http://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1755.html

  2. PubMed - Valerian for sleep; a systematic review and meta-analysis:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17145239

  3. PubMed - GABA A receptors as in vivo substrate for the anxiolytic action of valerenic acid, a major constituent of valerian root extracts:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18602406

  4. PubMed - Synaptosomal GABA release as influenced by valerian root extract--involvement of the GABA carrier:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7979830

  5. PubMed - Modulation of GABAA receptors by valerian extracts is related to the content of valerenic acid:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18095218

  6. PubMed - Sedative and sleep-enhancing properties of linarin, a flavonoid-isolated from Valeriana officinalis:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14751470

  7. PubMed - The gamma-aminobutyric acidergic effects of valerian and valerenic acid on rat brainstem neuronal activity:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14742369

  8. PubMed - Effect of valepotriates (valerian extract) in generalized anxiety disorder; a randomized placebo-controlled pilot study:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12410546

  9. PubMed - Valerian-hops combination and diphenhydramine for treating insomnia; a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16335333
9. Chamomile for Sleep and Anxiety: -
  1. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) - Study Shows Chamomile Capsules Ease Anxiety Symptoms:
    http://nccam.nih.gov/research/results/spotlight/040310.htm

  2. Campbell University Faculty Pages - "Herbal Pharmacy : Chamomile":
    http://web.campbell.edu/faculty/nemecz/George_home/references/Chamomile.html

  3. New Mexico State University - Chamomile for Sleep:
    http://medplant.nmsu.edu/Diseases/insomnia/insom_Herbs%20Link.htm#Chamomile

  4. PubMed - A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral Matricaria recutita (chamomile) extract therapy for generalized anxiety disorder:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/19593179
10. Hops for Sleep and Anxiety: -
  1. PubMed - Sedating effects of Humulus lupulus L. extracts:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16860977

  2. PubMed - New insight in the neuropharmacological activity of Humulus lupulus:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16046089

  3. PubMed - Valerian-hops combination and diphenhydramine for treating insomnia; a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16335333

  4. PubMed - The sedative-hypnotic principle of hops:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17396916

  5. Wikipedia - 2-Methyl-2-butanol:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2-Methyl-2-butanol

  6. Wilkes University - Medical attributes of Humulus lupulus (Hops):
    http://klemow.wilkes.edu/Humulus11.html

  7. George Mason University - Hops in Medicine, Folk Remedy, and the Chemistry behind it:
    http://mason.gmu.edu/~gkirklan/projects/plant.html#anchor%20four

  8. University of Wisconsin-Madison - Five things everyone should know about hops:
    http://grow.cals.wisc.edu/agriculture/five-things-everyone-should-know-about-hops

  9. American Botanical Council - "Hops (Humulus lupulus): A Review of its Historic and Medicinal Uses":
    http://cms.herbalgram.org/herbalgram/issue87/article3559.html


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